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THE MEDIA AFRICA ANNUAL_digital

26 EAST Africa as SportPesa, Betin, JustBet and Betyetu, is booming. The Media Council of Kenya published an investigation into “The Impact of Digital Technologies and Internet on Media and Journalism in Kenya”. In this, Levi Obijiofor explains, “The youth are attracted to social media because of the “greater freedom they confer on citizens, particularly freedom from political, social and economic control by political leaders”. The concentration of media outlets in the hands of a small number of media owners with strong political affiliations, is a notable feature of the Kenyan media landscape and has been a catalyst for the use of social media and blogging. The Kenyan government has increasingly become a user and monitor of social media. Socialbakers’ statistics show that president Uhuru Kenyatta enjoys the third highest number of likes on Facebook and the highest Twitter following. The Bloggers Association of Kenya (BAKE) in The State of Blogging and Social Media in Kenya 2015 Report, highlights the attempts to threaten online freedom and identifies people who have been persecuted. Most recently, a consistent and controversial critic of the Kenyan government on Twitter was found shot dead. Suspicion that this was a political assassination led the iAfrikan.com newsletter to question if he was Kenya’s “first digital martyr”. n KENYA FAST FACTS Population: 45,925,301; 25.6% Urban Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.56%, 15-24 years: 18.66%, 25-54 years: 33.17%, 55-64 years: 3.76%, 65 years and over: 2.85% Ethnic groups: Kikuyu: 22%, Luhya: 14%, Luo: 13%, Kalenjin: 12%, Kamba: 11%, Kisii: 6%, Meru: 6%, other African: 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab): 1% Languages: English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages Literacy: 78% Income: Share of income of highest 10%: 37.8%; Under poverty line: 43.4% Internet users: 31.96 million Internet penetration: 69.60% (estimate) Mobile users: 33.6 million Source OMG Africa June 2016 THEMEDIA AFRICA ANNUAL 2016


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